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ApacheCXF实战之四构建RESTfulWebService

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Apache CXF实战之一 Hello World Web Service

Apache CXF实战之二 集成Sping与Web容器

Apache CXF实战之三 传输Java对象

这篇文章介绍一下怎么通过CXF来发布RESTful的Web Service.

1. 首先是实体类,注意其中的@XmlRootElement注解

[java] view plaincopyprint? package com.googlecode.garbagecan.cxfstudy.jaxrs; import java.util.Date; import javax.xml.bind.annotation.XmlRootElement; @XmlRootElement(name="Customer") public class Customer { private String id; private String name; private Date birthday; public String getId() { return id; } public void setId(String id) { this.id = id; } public String getName() { return name; } public void setName(String name) { this.name = name; } public Date getBirthday() { return birthday; } public void setBirthday(Date birthday) { this.birthday = birthday; } @Override public String toString() { return org.apache.commons.lang.builder.ToStringBuilder.reflectionToString(this); } }

package com.googlecode.garbagecan.cxfstudy.jaxrs;

import java.util.Date;

import javax.xml.bind.annotation.XmlRootElement;

@XmlRootElement(name="Customer") 
public class Customer {
    private String id;
    private String name;
    private Date birthday;
    public String getId() {
        return id;
    }
    public void setId(String id) {
        this.id = id;
    }
    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }
    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }
    public Date getBirthday() {
        return birthday;
    }
    public void setBirthday(Date birthday) {
        this.birthday = birthday;
    }
    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return org.apache.commons.lang.builder.ToStringBuilder.reflectionToString(this);
    }
}

2. RESTful Web Service接口类,可以通过修改@Produces注解来声明暴露接口返回的json还是xml数据格式

[java] view plaincopyprint? package com.googlecode.garbagecan.cxfstudy.jaxrs; import javax.ws.rs.GET; import javax.ws.rs.Path; import javax.ws.rs.PathParam; import javax.ws.rs.Produces; import javax.ws.rs.QueryParam; @Path(value = "/customer") @Produces("*/*") //@Produces("application/xml") //@Produces("application/json") public interface CustomerService { @GET @Path(value = "/{id}/info") Customer findCustomerById(@PathParam("id")String id); @GET @Path(value = "/search") Customer findCustomerByName(@QueryParam("name")String name); }

package com.googlecode.garbagecan.cxfstudy.jaxrs;

import javax.ws.rs.GET;
import javax.ws.rs.Path;
import javax.ws.rs.PathParam;
import javax.ws.rs.Produces;
import javax.ws.rs.QueryParam;

@Path(value = "/customer") 
@Produces("*/*")
//@Produces("application/xml")
//@Produces("application/json")
public interface CustomerService {
    @GET
    @Path(value = "/{id}/info")
    Customer findCustomerById(@PathParam("id")String id);
    
    @GET
    @Path(value = "/search")
    Customer findCustomerByName(@QueryParam("name")String name);
}

3. RESTful Web Service接口实现类

[java] view plaincopyprint? package com.googlecode.garbagecan.cxfstudy.jaxrs; import java.util.Calendar; public class CustomerServiceImpl implements CustomerService { public Customer findCustomerById(String id) { Customer customer = new Customer(); customer.setId(id); customer.setName(id); customer.setBirthday(Calendar.getInstance().getTime()); return customer; } public Customer findCustomerByName(String name) { Customer customer = new Customer(); customer.setId(name); customer.setName(name); customer.setBirthday(Calendar.getInstance().getTime()); return customer; } }

package com.googlecode.garbagecan.cxfstudy.jaxrs;

import java.util.Calendar;

public class CustomerServiceImpl implements CustomerService {

    public Customer findCustomerById(String id) {
        Customer customer = new Customer();
        customer.setId(id);
        customer.setName(id);
        customer.setBirthday(Calendar.getInstance().getTime());
        return customer;
    }
    
    public Customer findCustomerByName(String name) {
        Customer customer = new Customer();
        customer.setId(name);
        customer.setName(name);
        customer.setBirthday(Calendar.getInstance().getTime());
        return customer;
    }
}

4. Server端代码

[java] view plaincopyprint? package com.googlecode.garbagecan.cxfstudy.jaxrs; import org.apache.cxf.interceptor.LoggingInInterceptor; import org.apache.cxf.interceptor.LoggingOutInterceptor; import org.apache.cxf.jaxrs.JAXRSServerFactoryBean; public class MyServer { public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception { JAXRSServerFactoryBean factoryBean = new JAXRSServerFactoryBean(); factoryBean.getInInterceptors().add(new LoggingInInterceptor()); factoryBean.getOutInterceptors().add(new LoggingOutInterceptor()); factoryBean.setResourceClasses(CustomerServiceImpl.class); factoryBean.setAddress("http://localhost:9000/ws/jaxrs"); factoryBean.create(); } }

package com.googlecode.garbagecan.cxfstudy.jaxrs;

import org.apache.cxf.interceptor.LoggingInInterceptor;
import org.apache.cxf.interceptor.LoggingOutInterceptor;
import org.apache.cxf.jaxrs.JAXRSServerFactoryBean;

public class MyServer {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        JAXRSServerFactoryBean factoryBean = new JAXRSServerFactoryBean();
        factoryBean.getInInterceptors().add(new LoggingInInterceptor());
        factoryBean.getOutInterceptors().add(new LoggingOutInterceptor());
        factoryBean.setResourceClasses(CustomerServiceImpl.class);
        factoryBean.setAddress("http://localhost:9000/ws/jaxrs");
        factoryBean.create();
    }
}

5. Client端代码

[java] view plaincopyprint? package com.googlecode.garbagecan.cxfstudy.jaxrs; import org.apache.commons.httpclient.HttpClient; import org.apache.commons.httpclient.HttpStatus; import org.apache.commons.httpclient.methods.GetMethod; public class MyClient { public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception { go("http://localhost:9000/ws/jaxrs/customer/1/info"); go("http://localhost:9000/ws/jaxrs/customer/search?name=abc"); } private static void go(String url) throws Exception { HttpClient client = new HttpClient(); GetMethod method = new GetMethod(url); int statusCode = client.executeMethod(method); if (statusCode != HttpStatus.SC_OK) { System.err.println("Method failed: " + method.getStatusLine()); } byte[] responseBody = method.getResponseBody(); System.out.println(new String(responseBody)); } }

package com.googlecode.garbagecan.cxfstudy.jaxrs;

import org.apache.commons.httpclient.HttpClient;
import org.apache.commons.httpclient.HttpStatus;
import org.apache.commons.httpclient.methods.GetMethod;

public class MyClient {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        go("http://localhost:9000/ws/jaxrs/customer/1/info");
        go("http://localhost:9000/ws/jaxrs/customer/search?name=abc");
    }
    
    private static void go(String url) throws Exception {
        HttpClient client = new HttpClient();
        GetMethod method = new GetMethod(url);
        int statusCode = client.executeMethod(method);
        if (statusCode != HttpStatus.SC_OK) {
            System.err.println("Method failed: " + method.getStatusLine());
        }
        byte[] responseBody = method.getResponseBody();
        System.out.println(new String(responseBody));
    }
}

6.测试

首先运行MyServer类,然后运行MyClient类来验证Web Service。

http://blog.csdn.net/kongxx/article/details/7527115

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